Prithviraj Chauhan: Biography
The Battle Against Bhimdev Solanki Of Gujarat
The Battle Against Mahoba
Chauhan recovered from this battle and continued his conquests winning one kingdom after another.
- One of Chauhan's minor battles was against King Raichand. King Raichand and some of the other neighbouring kings had seen Chauhan's injury. At a time when they knew he could not fight, they attacked. The generals and close friends of Chauhan guarded him. Some villagers also came to help fight off Raichand, who was killed in this battle.
- Chauhan had claimed victory over forces in mountains, taking over the Kukada kingdom. He continued to take over kingdoms, extending his dominion in all four directions. His army continued these tactics for over four years.
- The last battle of his victory march was against the king of Dariyagargh. Chauhan won the battle and decided to return to Delhi to celebrate his victory.
First Battle Of Tarain 1191
Ghori's army was divided into three flanks, with Ghori himself leading the centre flank on horseback. In addition to being almost twice in number, Chauhan's army had elephant cavalry comprising 300 elephants, whereas Ghori's army had none. Many Turkish soldiers in Ghori's army had not even seen elephants before. The armies clashed first with the charge of the Chauhan cavalry. Ghori's horse cavalry was unable to hold its own against the elephants, which resulted in the defeat of Ghori's left and right flanks.
Ghori led two regiments in an attack on the centre, where Ghori met Govinda Raja in personal combat. Govinda Raja, mounted on an elephant, lost his front teeth to Ghori's lance. As the battle continued, Ghori's army, exhausted in face of the persistent Rajput attacks and out of water, fled leaving their general Ghori as a prisoner in Chauhan's hands. Ghori was brought in chains to Pithoragarh, Prithviraj's capital, where he begged his victor for mercy and release. Prithviraj's ministers advised him against pardoning the aggressor but the chivalrous and valiant Prithviraj thought otherwise and respectfully released the vanquished Ghori. This which was a decision he would later come to regret. Muhammad Ghori started to regroup his forces again to defeat Chauhan the next year.
Second Battle Of Tarain 1192
Ghori divided his troops into five parts and attacked in the early morning hours, sending waves of mounted archers. They retreated as the Chauhan elephant phalanx advanced. Ghori deployed four parts to attack the Rajputs on four sides, keeping a fifth part of his army in reserve. General Khande Rao of the Chauhan forces was killed. At dusk, Ghori himself led a force of 12,000 heavily armored horsemen to the centre of the Rajput line, which collapsed into confusion. Chauhan attempted to escape but was captured. The Rajput army broke ranks and fled, thereby conceding victory to Ghori. Chauhan was put to death.
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