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Philadelphia: Geography


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Geography

Topography

Cityscape

City Planning

Architecture

Philadelphia's architectural history dates back to Colonial times and includes a wide range of styles. The earliest structures were of logs construction, but brick structures were common by 1700. During the 18th century, the cityscape was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall and Christ Church. Elfreth's Alley.JPGthumbleft250pxElfreth's Alley, "Our nation's oldest residential street," dating to 1702. Frank Furness is considered Philadelphia's greatest architect of the second half of the 19th century, but his contemporaries included John McArthur, Jr., Addison Hutton, Wilson Eyre, the Wilson Brothers & CompanyWilson Brothers, and Horace Trumbauer. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire architectureSecond Empire-style Philadelphia City Hall. The Philadelphia Historical Commission was created in 1955 to preserve the cultural and architectural history of the city. The commission maintains the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places, adding historic buildings, structures, sites, objects and districts as it sees fit.

Climate

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


According to the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,526,006 people residing in the City of Philadelphia. This represents a 0.6% increase since the 2000 Census and the first time since the 1950 Census that the city's population showed an increase. The average population density was 11,457 people per square mile 4,405.4/km². The 2010 Census Redistricting Data indicated that the racial makeup of the city was 661,839 43.4% African American, 626,221 41.0% White, 6,996 0.5% Native American, 96,405 6.3% Asian 2.0% Chinese, 1.2% Indian, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.6% Cambodian, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.1% Indonesian, 744 0.0% Pacific Islander, 90,731 5.9% from other races, and 43,070 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 187,611 persons 12.3%; 8.0% of Philadelphia is Puerto Rican, 1.0% Dominican, 1.0% Mexican, 0.3% Cuban, and 0.3% Colombian. The racial breakdown of Philadelphia's Hispanic/Latino population was 63,636 33.9% White, 17,552 9.4% African American, 3,498 1.9% Native American, 884 0.47% Asian, 287 0.15% Pacific Islander, 86,626 46.2% from other races, and 15,128 8.1% from two or more races. Irish, Italians, Polish, Germans, English, and Greeks are the largest ethnic European groups in the city. There are large Puerto Rican and Dominican populations in North Philadelphia and the Northeast, as well as a significant Mexican population in South Philadelphia. Philadelphia has significant Asian populations mainly hailing from countries like India, China, Vietnam, and South Korea. Chinatown and the Northeast have the largest Asian presences, with a large Korean community in Olney, Philadelphia. South Philadelphia is also home to large Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Chinese communities. It has the fifth largest Muslim population among American cities. As of 2010, 79.12% 1,112,441 of Philadelphia residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 9.72% 136,688 spoke Spanish, 1.64% 23,075 Chinese, 0.89% 12,499 Vietnamese, 0.77% 10,885 Russian, 0.66% 9,240 French, 0.61% 8,639 other Asian languages, 0.58% 8,217 African languages, 0.56% 7,933 CambodianMon-Khmer, and Italian was spoken as a main language by 0.55% 7,773 of the population over the age of five. In total, 20.88% 293,544 of Philadelphia's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.
Racial composition 2010 2000 1990 1980 1970
Black or African American 43.4% 43.2% 37.8% 39.9% 33.6%
- Non-Hispanic Black 42.2% 42.6% 39.3% 37.5% 33.3% n/a
Top publicly traded companies
in Philadelphia for 2014
Corporation Rank
Comcast 44
Aramark 209
Crown Holdings 313
FCM 581
Urban Outfitters 715
Chemtura 775
Pep Boys 945
"Notes"

Philadelphia's economic sectors include information technology, manufacturing, oil refining, food processing, health care and biotechnology, tourism and financial services.

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134 Related Topics about Philadelphia
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