List Of Prisoner-of-war Camps In Germany: World War II PoW Camps
Related Resources : List Of Prisoner-of-war Camps In Germany
World War II POW Camps
POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II.
Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War.
- Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops.
Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. Enlisted ranks were required to perform whatever labour they were asked and able to do, so long as it was not dangerous and did not support the German war effort. Senior Non-commissioned officers sergeants and above were required to work only in a supervisory role. Commissioned officers were not required to work, although they could volunteer. The work performed was largely agricultural or industrial, ranging from coal or potash mining, stone quarrying, or work in saw mills, breweries, factories, railroad yards, and forests. PoWs hired out to military and civilian contractors were supposed to receive pay. The workers were also supposed to get at least one day a week of rest.
- Article 76 ensured that PoWs who died in captivity were honourably buried in marked graves.
Types Of Camps
Dulag or Durchgangslager transit camp – These camps served as a collection point for POWs prior to reassignment. These camps were intelligence collection centers.
Dulag Luft or Durchgangslager der Luftwaffe transit camp of the Luftwaffe – These were transit camps for Airforce POWs. The main Dulag Luft camp at Frankfurt was the principal collecting point for intelligence derived from Allied POW interrogation.
Ilag/Jlag or Internierungslager "Internment camp" – These were civilian internment camps.
Marlag or Marine-Lager "Marine camp" – These were Navy personnel POW camps.
Milag or Marine-Internierten-Lager "Marine internment camp" – These were merchant seamen internment camps.
Oflag or Offizier-Lager "Officer camp" – These were POW camps for officers.
Stalag or Stammlager "Base camp" – These were enlisted personnel POW camps.
Stalag Luft or Luftwaffe-Stammlager "Luftwaffe base camp" – These were POW camps administered by the German Air Force for Allied aircrews.
At the start of World War II, the German Army was divided into 17 military districts Wehrkreis, which were each assigned Roman numerals. The camps were numbered according to the military district. A letter behind the Roman number marked individual Stalags in a military district.
:Stalag II-D was the fourth Stalag in Military District II Wehrkreis II.
Sub-camps had a suffix "/Z" for Zweiglager - sub-camp. The main camp had a suffix of "/H" for Hauptlager - main camp.
:Oflag VII-C/H meant this is the main camp.
:Oflag VII-C/Z meant this is a sub-camp of a main camp.
Some of these sub-camps were not the traditional POW camps with barbed wire fences and guard towers, but merely accommodation centers.
List Of Camps By Military District
Military District I K Nigsberg
Military District II Stettin
Military District III Berlin
Military District IV Dresden
Military District V Stuttgart
Military District VI M Nster
Military District VII Munich
Military District VIII Breslau
Military District IX Kassel
Military District X Hamburg
Military District XI Hanover
Military District XII Wiesbaden
Military District XIII Nuremberg
Military District XVII Vienna
Military District XVIII Salzburg
Military District XX Danzig
Military District XXI Posen
The camps for Allied airmen were run by the Luftwaffe independently of the Army.
The camps for Allied seamen was run by the Kriegsmarine independently of the Army.
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